Constipation is a common symptom during cancer treatment. The most frequent cause is because of changes in diet (reduced intake of liquids and/or foods rich in fibre), reduced or lack of physical exercise, and coping with certain medicines and drugs. All these factors can reduce bowel movements, causing the stool not to absorb water and to become dry and hard. Bowel movements will become more difficult and can often be accompanied by pain and discomfort.
Sit on the toilet every day, if possible, at the same time, even if you do not have a bowel movement at first.
Increase consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables (preferably raw), pulses, whole grains and cereals, mushrooms, and nuts. If you prepare soups, purées, juices, or smoothies, do not strain the preparations to not eliminate fibre.
|Examples of food preparations to incorporate more fibre in meals|
|Dishes made with whole grains or pulses, with vegetables, dried fruit, or nuts:|
|Vegetable and mushroom dishes:|
|Snacks between hours|
Such as quince, banana, white rice, toasted bread, baked apple, or compote.
Except for cases where treatment has been accompanied by weight gain.
Walk every day for at least 20 to 30 minutes. If this is not possible, mobilise the gut by doing small clockwise rotating massages on the abdomen.