Lung cancer encompasses all tumors that affect the cells that line the airways and lung tissues. There are several types of lung cancer, which are classified based on the location and type of lung tissue cell it affects.
The treatment for this type of cancer will depend on many factors, such as the size and exact location of the tumor, the spread or the general condition of the patient. Therefore, the side effects of the treatments can vary and affect in different degrees and intensity. The tumor itself or the surgery can cause a limitation in the respiratory capacity of the lung and, as a result, tiredness when eating. In addition, the lung is close to the esophagus (an organ involved in the transport of food), which can also be damaged. Because of all this, there may be difficulty in feeding from the start of treatment or during it, and this may compromise the patient’s nutritional status.
Food priorities during lung cancer treatment will be to ensure an adequate nutritional status, which helps to decrease side effects and complications. To this end, apart from following the ” General recommendations on nutrition during cancer treatment “ , in lung cancer it is necessary to reinforce and consider: